The term Cognaro, from the Venetian dialect Quince, identifies the ancient tree quince from the Minor Asia and the Caucasus region. It was back in 1271, with the arrival of Marco Polo in the Asian region that this fruit tree cultivation was discovered and imported into Italy.
Today, our cultivation of truffles born in those lands, where the strong presence of quince trees has made this territory fertile for the emergence of mushrooms and truffles, hence the name of the tuber.
The common characteristics between the quince and truffle are many more than those who seem: famous in ancient time and rare in today’ s world, both hide a legendary history dating back to the ancient Greek gods.
The quince tree is a small, twisty tree that produces a big fragrant fruit: quince. Definitely it falls into the category of law “forgotten fruits.”
It have been cultivated since remote time, but it hasn’ t had a circulation comparable to other fruit species. His presence on the tables of our ancestors is testified by some frescoes found in Pompeii and quotes Catone, Plinio and Virgilio.
Nowadays it is generally little known, and its specialized cultivation is very small, almost non-existent.
In Italy quinces are not widespread because people need to cook them in order to be able to eat.
Far from the thirteenth century
From Asia to Venetian lands
The quince is a native fruit of the Caucasus and Minor Asia region, and it is still widespread in the countries bordering the western Mediterranean and China.
The quince was imported from West Asia to Chania on the island of Crete, or, again, that it comes from the Levant with Aphrodite, from which born the legend that distinguishes its mythological origins.
It was in 1288, with the return of Marco Polo from the famous voyage for discovery of the Orient and China, when the fruit arrived in Italy: first trees were planted in the Venetian lands, which still benefit from the positive effects that the fruit left.
Legend tells ...
Known since the days of the Babylonians, named emblem of Venus for its legendary past, beloved by the Greeks and Romans.
The legend tells that the quince represented the emblem of Venus, symbol of good luck and fertility in wedding banquets at the time of the Gods and so for the ancient Greeks it symbolizes love. Apples quince were given to the newlyweds, before the wedding night, to perfume kisses. There are many references to this this fruit in the Bible, such as in the Song of Songs.